Thursday, November 29, 2012

SharePoint 2010 Interview Questions – IT Pro / Architect

Basic Intro SharePoint Architecture Questions
1) What are Web Applications in SharePoint?
An IIS Web site created and used by SharePoint 2010. Saying an IIS virtual server is also an acceptable answer.
2) What is an application pool?
A group of one or more URLs that are served by a particular worker process or set of worker processes.
3) Why are application pools important?
They provide a way for multiple sites to run on the same server but still have their own worker processes and identity.
4) What are zones?
Different logical paths (URLs meaning) of gaining access to the same SharePoint Web application.
5) What are Web Application Policies?
Enables security policy for users at the Web application level, rather than at the site collection or site level. Importantly, they override all other security settings.
6) What is a site collection?
 A site collection contains a top-level website and can contain one or more sub-sites web sites that have the same owner and share administration settings.
7) What are content databases?
A content database can hold all the content for one or more site collections.
8) What is a site?
 A site in SharePoint contains Web pages and related assets such as lists, all hosted within a site collection.
9) What are My Sites?
Specialized SharePoint sites personalized and targeted for each user.
10) What is the difference between Classic mode authentication and Claims-based authentication?
As the name implies, classic authentication supports NT authentication types like Kerberos, NTLM, Basic, Digest, and anonymous. Claims based authentication uses claims identities against a against a trusted identity provider.
11) When would you use claims, and when would you use classic?
Classic is more commonly seen in upgraded 2007 environments whereas claims are the recommended path for new deployments.
12) Describe the potential components for both a single server, and multiple servers, potentially several tiered farms:
A single-server SharePoint Server 2010 environment leverages a built-in SQL Server 2008 Express database. The problems with this environment is scalability, not being able to install the with built-in database on a domain controller, the database cannot be larger than 4 GB, and you cannot use User Profile Synchronization in a single server with built-in database installation.
An example of a multiple tier farm would be a three-tier topology, considered one of the more efficient physical and logical layouts to supports scaling out or scaling up and provides better distribution of services across the member servers of the farm. This is considered a good architecture since one can add Web servers to the Web tier, add app servers to the application tier, and add database servers to the database tier.
SharePoint Backup and Restore Questions
13) What are some of the tools that can be used when backing up a SharePoint 2010 environment?
  • SharePoint farm backup and recovery
  • SQL Server
  • System Center Data Protection Manager
14) What Microsoft tool can be used for incremental backups?
System Center Data Protection Manager
Managed Metadata Questions
15) What is Managed Metadata?
Managed metadata is a hierarchical collection of centrally managed terms that you can define, and then use as attributes for items.
16) What are Terms and Term Sets?
A term is a word or a phrase that can be associated with an item.  A term set is a collection of related terms.
17) How do Terms And Term Sets relate to Managed Metadata?
Managed metadata is a way of referring to the fact that terms and term sets can be created and managed independently from the columns themselves.
18) Are there different types of Term Sets?
There are Local Term Sets and Global Term Sets, one created within the context of a site collection and the other created outside the context of a site collection, respectively.
19) How are terms created and used?
There are several ways; however the most common is to use the Term Store Management Tool.
20) How is Managed Metadata, and the related Term technology used?
Through the UI, the most common use is through the managed metadata list column which allows you to specify the term set to use. It also related to searching and enhancing the user search experience.
Sandbox Solutions Questions
21) What is a sandboxed solution?
Components that are deployed to run within the sandboxed process rather than running in the production Internet Information Services (IIS) worker process.
22) What are some examples of things that might run within the SharePoint sandbox?
Any of the following are acceptable answers:
 Web Parts
Event receivers
Feature receivers
Custom Microsoft SharePoint Designer workflow activities
Microsoft InfoPath business logic
23) Why are sandboxed solutions used?
Primarily because they promote high layers of isolation. By default they run within a rights-restricted, isolated process based around Code Access Security (CAS). Isolation is possible to increase with activities like running the sandboxing service on only specific SharePoint 2010 servers.
SharePoint Search Questions
24) What is a content source in relation to SharePoint search? What’s the minimum amount of content sources?
A content source is a set of options that you can use to specify what type of content is crawled, what URLs to crawl, and how deep and when to crawl. You must create at least one content source before a crawl can occur.
25) What is a search scope?
A search scope defines a subset of information in the search index. Users can select a search scope when performing a search.
26) What is a federated location with SharePoint search?
Federated locations provide information that exists outside of your internal network to your end-users.
27) How does managed metadata affect search?
Enhances the end-user search experience by mapping crawled properties to managed properties. Managed properties show up in search results and help users perform more successful queries.
28)  What is query logging in SharePoint 2010?
Collects information about user search queries and search results that users select on their computers to improve the relevancy of search results and to improve query suggestions.
29) What authentication type does the SharePoint crawler use?
The crawl component requires access to content using NTLM authentication.
Services Architecture Questions
30) Please describe what a Service Application is in SharePoint 2010.
Service applications in SharePoint 2010 are a set of services that can possibly be shared across Web applications. Some of these services may or may not be shared across the SharePoint 2010 farm. The reason these applications are shared is the overall reduction of resources required to supply the functionality these services cultivate.
31) Please provide an example of one of these service applications.
Any of the below are acceptable answers:
Access Services
Business Data Connectivity service
Excel Services Application
Managed Metadata service
PerformancePoint Service Application
Search service
Secure Store Service
State service
Usage and Health Data Collection service
User Profile service
Visio Graphics Service
Web Analytics service
Word Automation Services
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Subscription Settings Service
32) What are Service Application Groups used for?
Just provides a logical grouping of services that are scoped to a particular Web Application.
33) How are Service Applications deployed in terms of IIS (Internet Information Services)?
They are provisioned as a single Internet Information Services (IIS) Web site.
34) Explain how connections are managed with Service Applications.
A virtual entity is used that is referred to as a proxy, due to label in PowerShell.
35) What are some common examples of SharePoint 2010 services architectures, and what are the advantages of each design?
The three most popular designs are single farms with either a single service application group or multiple service application groups, or Enterprise services farms.
Single farms with a single service application group are generally the most common, and have the advantages of easy deployment, simple service application allocation, effective resource utilization and cohesive management.
Single farms with multiple service application groups is less common, and have the advantage of potential individual management of service applications as well as allowing data isolation, and while being more complex to deploy and maintain allows targeting of sites to particular service applications.
Enterprise Service Farms is pretty uncommon as it is a complete farm dedicated to Service Applications but promotes autonomous management and high levels of data isolation.
36) Are there any other type of relevant service architectures?
Depending on the environment requirements, a specialized farm can also be used in order to deploy specific services tailored to the organizational requirements which can aid in scaling out and conservation of resources.
37) What is the User Profile service?
Allows configuring and managing User profile properties, Audiences, Profile synchronization settings, organization browsing and management settings, and My Site settings.
38) What are User Profiles?
Aggregates properties from diverse identity content sources together to create unified and consistent profiles across an organization, used throughout the SharePoint environment.
39) What is Excel Services?
Allows sharing, securing, managing, and using Excel 2010 workbooks in a SharePoint Server Web site or document library. Excel Services consists of the Excel Calculation Services (ECS), Microsoft Excel Web Access (EWA), and Excel Web Services (EWS) components.
40) What is PerformancePoint Services?
Allows users to monitor and analyze a business by building dashboards, scorecards, and key performance indicators (KPIs).
41) What is Visio Services?
Allows users to share and view Microsoft Visio Web drawings. The service also enables data-connected Microsoft Visio 2010 Web drawings to be refreshed and updated from various data sources.
42) What is Access Services?
Allows users to edit, update, and create linked Microsoft Access 2010 databases that can be viewed and manipulated by using an internet browser, the Access client, or a linked HTML page.
43) What is the Secure Store Service (SSS)?
A secure database for storing credentials that are associated with application IDs
44) What is Content Deployment?
Content deployment enables you to copy content from a source site collection to a destination site collection.
Backup / DR Questions
45) Describe how redundancy can be built into a SharePoint environment. Please be specific in regards to any auxiliary components.
Multiple front-end web servers (WFE’s) can be deployed and correlated through Windows NLB or anything approach. Application servers can be deployed into the farm for a variety of purposes, depending on organizational requirements. Databases can be clustered or mirrored, again depending on requirements and environment.
46) From a basic standpoint, what is the difference between SQL clustering and mirroring?
Clustering provides a failover scenario whereby one or more nodes can be swapped as active depending on whether a node goes down. In mirroring, transactions are sent directly from a principal database and server to a mirror database to establish essentially a replica of the database.
Governance Questions
47) What Is Governance in terms of SharePoint 2010?
Governance is the set of policies, roles, responsibilities, and processes that guide, direct, and control how an organization’s business divisions and IT teams cooperate to achieve business goals.
48) What are some useful, OOB features of SharePoint that aid with governance of an environment?
Any of the below are acceptable answers. There are some others but these are the major ones that I generally look for from a candidate:
Site templates – consistent branding, site structure, and layout can be enforce a set of customizations that are applied to a site definition.
Quotas – limits to the amount of storage a site collection can use.
Locks - prevent users from either adding content to a site collection or using the site collection.
Web application permissions and policies – comprehensive security settings that apply to all users and groups for all site collections within a Web application.
Self-service site creation - enables users to create their own site collections, thus must be incorporated into a governance scheme.
Monitoring Questions
49) Describe the monitoring features that are baked into SharePoint 2010.
Diagnostic logging captures data about the state of the system, whereas health and usage data collection uses specific timer jobs to perform monitoring tasks, collecting information about:
  • Performance Counter Fata
  • Event Log Data
  • Timer Service Data
  • Metrics For Site Collections and Sites
  • Search Usage Data
General Workflow Questions
50) What is a declarative workflow? Can non-authenticated users participate in workflows?
Workflows created by using Microsoft SharePoint Designer 2010, the default setting enables deployment of declarative workflows. Yes, however you do not give non-authorized users access to the site. The e-mail message and attachments sent from notifications might contain sensitive information

Wednesday, November 21, 2012

SharePoint 2013 Interview Questions – Administrator And IT Pro

1) What are the three user authentication methods that SharePoint 2013 supports?
  1. Windows claims
  2. Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML)-based claims
  3. Forms-based authentication claims
2) Out of the available authentication methods, which one would is considered the recommend according to Microsoft?
Claims-based authentication methods are recommended.
3) What protocol does server-to-server authentication extend?
SharePoint 2013 extends OAuth.
 4) SharePoint Store and App Catalog Access SharePoint resources on behalf of a user using?
 OAuth 2.0.
 5) What Business Data Connectivity (BDC) connections types are supported in SharePoint 2013?
  1. WCF
  2. SQL Server
  3. NET assemblies
  4. Open Data Protocol
 6) What are some examples of technology that OData leverages?
  1. HTTP
  2. Atom Publishing Protocol (AtomPub)
  3.  JavaScript Object Notation (JSON)
7) What types of authentication does Business Connectivity Services support?
  1. Anonymous
  2. Basic
  3. Windows
  4. Custom authentication to OData services when it is used with the Secure Store Service
8) What does a BDC model do?
Describes which tables to read, which items from those tables are of interest, and which operations to perform on them.
9) How is the BDC model in SharePoint 2013 more streamlined than in SharePoint 2010?
Visual Studio 2010 is able to connect to the OData endpoint through Business Connectivity Services and read the OData source. Visual Studio 2010 will then automatically generate the BDC model.
10) How is the BDC model used after being built?
Imported into the Business Data Catalog as a farm-scoped external content type, or be included in an app for SharePoint.
11) What Is An Event Listener in SharePoint 2013?
The event listener includes an event subscriber. The subscriber receives notifications from the event publisher (on the external system side) on changes to the data and then initiates predefined actions when changes occur.
12) How is an event listener useful?
Enables SharePoint users and custom code to receive notifications of events that occur in an external system.
13) With an event listener, what are the supported connections for an external system?
  1. OData
  2. SQL
  3. WCF
14) What are apps for SharePoint?
Apps for SharePoint allow addition of functionality to a SharePoint site by using the self-contained app for SharePoint.
15) What is the primary benefit of using apps for SharePoint?
Each app for SharePoint is isolated from the rest of the system.
16) How are BDC models and apps for SharePoint related?
BDC models can be scoped to apps for SharePoint and connection information is defined and stored separately from the app-scoped BDC model in BDC connections.
17) What is eDiscovery in the context of SharePoint 2013?
Introduces a new site for managing discovery cases and holds. The site allows one to access discovery cases to conduct searches, place content on hold, and export content.
18) What are some examples of some things you can related to an eDiscovery case?
  1. Sources
  2. eDiscovery sets
  3. Queries
  4. Exports
 19) What is an in-place hold?
Content that is put on hold is preserved, but users can still change it.
20)  What the content can be included with SharePoint eDiscovery export?
  1. Document
  2. Lists
  3. Pages
  4. Exchange objects
21) In terms of enterprise-wide eDiscovery, what actions can be taken by an authorized user?
  1.  Create a case, define a query, and then search SharePoint Server 2013, Exchange Server 2013, and file shares
  2. Export all of the content that was identified.
  3. Preserve items in place in SharePoint Server 2013 or Exchange Server 2013.
  4. Track statistics related to the case.
22) What are the different types of mobile views offered in SharePoint 2013?
  1. Contemporary view  
  2. Classic view  
  3. Full screen UI  
23) What is the Microsoft Push Notification Service?
Supports applications on mobile devices that should receive notifications from a SharePoint site.
24) What field type would be used when working location specific SharePoint applications?
Geolocation field type
25) What is Site-based retention?
You can create and manage retention policies in that will apply to SharePoint sites and any Exchange Server 2013 team mailboxes that are associated with the sites.
26) What does a retention policy contain?
Generally what causes a project to be closed and when a project should expire.
27) What are some improvements in Excel Services in SharePoint 2013?
  1. Field list and field well support
  2. Calculated measures and members
  3. Enhanced timeline controls
  4. Application BI Servers
  5. Business Intelligence Center update
 28) What is the In-Memory BI Engine (IMBI)?
The In Memory multidimensional data analysis engine (IMBI), also known as the Vertipaq engine, allows for almost instant analysis.
29) What does the Power View Add-in for Excel do?
Power View (“Crescent”) enables users to visualize and interact with modeled data by using highly interactive visualizations, animations and smart querying.
30) Can PerformancePoint be displayed on iPads?
31) What is the Analysis Services Effective User?
Eliminates the need for Kerberos delegation when per-user authentication is used for Analysis Services data sources. By supporting Analysis Services Effective User feature, authorization checks will be based on the user specified by the EffectiveUserName property instead of using the currently authenticated user.
32) What are Community Sites in SharePoint 2013?
Community Sites offer a forum experience to categorize and cultivate discussions with a broad group of people across organizations in a company.
33) What is the primary change with MySite document libraries in 2013?
Users can specify permissions for a specific document without having to understand the inheritance model.
34) What are Image renditions?
 Image renditions let you display different sized versions of an image on different pages.
35) How are multilingual sites implemented?
Variations, integrated translation service, cross-site publishing
36)  What is Cross-site publishing?
Cross-site publishing lets you store and maintain content in one or more authoring site collections, and display this content in one or more publishing site collections.
37) What is Managed navigation?
Managed navigation lets you define and maintain the navigation on a site by using term sets.
38) What are Category pages?
Category pages are page layouts that are used for displaying structured content such as catalog data.
39)  What is the Content Search Web Part?
Displays content that was crawled and added to the search index.
40) What are Refiners and faceted navigation?
Refiners are based on managed properties from the search index. With faceted navigation you can configure different refiners for different terms in a term set.
41) What is the Analytics Processing Component?
Runs different analytics jobs to analyze content in the search index and user actions that were performed on a site to identify items that users perceive as more relevant than others.
42) What does the Workflow Manager do?
High Density and Multi-Tenancy, Elastic Scale, Activity / Workflow Artifact Management, Tracking and Monitoring, Instance Management, Fully Declarative Authoring, REST and Service Bus Messaging, Managed Service Reliability.
43) What is a ranking model in SharePoint 2013 search?
A ranking model determines recall (which items are displayed in the search results) and rank (the order in which search results are displayed).
44) What actions can a query rule specify?
  1. Add one or more result blocks
  2. Change ranked results
  3. Add Promoted Results (formerly called Best Bets) that appear above ranked results
45) What are Result sources?
 Result source allow you to restrict queries to a subset of content by using a query transform.
 46) What is a Continuous crawl?
Eliminates the need to schedule incremental crawls and automatically starts crawls as necessary to keep the search index fresh.
47) How can you remove items from the search index?
Using the crawl logs.
48) How can you specify which entities to look for in the content in relation to SharePoint search?
Create and deploy your own dictionaries
49) What does document parsing functionality do?
Document parsers extract useful metadata and remove redundant information.
50) Is Visual Upgrade available in SharePoint 2013?

Thursday, November 8, 2012

SharePoint 2013 Interview Questions – Developer

1) Describe the Cloud App Model.
The Cloud App Model that enables you to create apps. Apps for SharePoint are self-contained pieces of functionality that extend the capabilities of a SharePoint website.
2) Why build Apps?
Enables you to build apps for SharePoint by using familiar tools and a rich set of features. Familiar programming model and access to SharePoint data and services, Multiple options for hosting, Familiar user experience for end users, Integration with apps for Office, and SharePoint Store and App Catalog.
3) What as an App in its most basic form?
A web application that is registered with SharePoint using an app manifest
4) What is an app manifest?
An app manifest is an XML file that declares the basic properties of the app along with where the app will run and what to do when the app is started.
5) Where can the code for an app run?
SharePoint-hosted apps, Provider-hosted and auto hosted apps, Apps that have a mix of components in SharePoint and in the cloud
6) How does an app communicate with SharePoint?
  1. REST and JavaScript APIs
  2. Managed APIs (.NET)
7) How can the app authenticate to SharePoint?
  1. Inside SharePoint
  2. In the cloud
8) How are apps distributed?
Apps for SharePoint are distributed as an app package.
9) What are some options for app publishing?
  1. Public SharePoint app store
  2. Organization’s app catalog
10) What is OData?
 The Open Data protocol (OData) lets you access a data source, such as a database, by browsing to a specially constructed URL.
11) What is the primary benefit of OData?
Simplified approach for connecting to and working with data sources that are hosted within an organization.
12) What technologies does OData use?
  1. HTTP
  2. Atom
  3. JavaScript Object Notation (JSON)
13) How can you avoid direct code against the OData source?
Business Connectivity Services (BCS) can communicate with OData sources, or producers, without having to code directly to the OData source.
14) What is an OData producer, and some examples?
Producers expose their data in a structured way via a web service. Examples include SharePoint Foundation 2010, SharePoint Server 2010, SQL Azure, Windows Azure Table Storage, Windows Azure Marketplace, SQL Server Reporting Services, Microsoft Dynamics CRM 2011, Windows Live.
15) What is OAuth?
An open protocol for authorization.
16) What does OAuth enable?
Secure authorization from desktop and web applications in a simple and standard way.
17) What is OAuth used?
To authorize requests by an app for SharePoint to access SharePoint resources on behalf of a user and to authenticate apps in the Office Store, an app catalog, or a developer tenant.
18) What is an Access token?
Access tokens are issued by the OAuth security token service (STS) to request app permissions.
19) What are the three types of authorization policies?
user-only policy, user + app policy, or app-only policy
20) How does an app for SharePoint requests permissions to access SharePoint resources?
An app for SharePoint requests the permissions that it needs during installation from the user who is installing it and then the developer of an app must request, through the app manifest file, the permissions an app needs.
 21) How is an app granted the permissions requested?
An app must be granted permissions by the user who is installing it and users can grant only the permissions that they have; the user installing the app must be able to grant all permissions required by the app, or app installation fails.
 22) When is an app granted the permissions it asked for?
An app is installed by a website administrator, a app is explicitly granted permission by a tenant administrator or website administrator or an end user gives consent.
23) What are scopes in terms of SharePoint permissions?
Scopes indicate where in the SharePoint hierarchy a permission request applies.
24) What are some of the features of Office 365 Development Tools?
Create and manage projects, develop apps, share and publish apps.
25) What office technology can be used to build SharePoint 2013 workflows?
Visio 2013 includes a SharePoint 2013 Workflow template that can be used.
26) What is a workflow stage shape in SharePoint Designer 2013?
A stage can contain any number of shapes and may include branching. The stage or step itself might be one node of a longer workflow.
27) What is a workflow loop shape in SharePoint Designer 2013?
Loops are a series of connected shapes that will execute as a loop, returning from the last shape in the series to the first, until a condition is satisfied.
28) What is a step shape in SharePoint Designer 2013?
Steps represent a grouped series of sequential actions.
29) What is an example approach to navigate SharePoint data structure in SharePoint 2013?
Managed code or the SharePoint REST service.
30) What is the SPContextWebInformation structure?
Contains the initialization properties that can be used in subsequent REST requests.
31) What is a WebInfo object?
From REST resources it is an object that contains the scalar properties of the site, but that does not include any associated entity sets such as list collections or field collections.
32) What request type from a REST resource allows one to create a SharePoint object?
POST request.
33) What request type from a REST resource allows one to access the contents of a file ?
GET request.
34) What request type from a REST resource allows one update the contents of a file?
 PUT request.
35) What request type from a REST resource allows one to delete a SharePoint object?
POST to that resource including an X-Http-Method header of DELETE.
36) What are HTML ETags?
The SharePoint REST service uses HTML ETags for concurrency control.
37) What are ETags useful for?
When you perform a PUT, PATCH, MERGE, or DELETE request, you can specify an ETag in the If-Match HTTP request header.
38) What are the factors to consider when choosing a SharePoint API?
The type of application, existing skills, and the device on which the code runs.
39) What is Client-side rendering?
Client-side rendering provides a mechanism that you can use to produce your own output for a set of controls that are hosted in a SharePoint page.
40) What are remote event receivers?
Remote event receivers handle events that occur to an item in the app, such as a list, a list item, or a web.
41) What is Microsoft Push Notification Service?
Using the Microsoft Push Notification Service (MPNS), Windows Phone apps can receive notifications through the Internet of events triggered on Microsoft SharePoint Server.
42) What is the benefit os MPNS?
 The app can be registered to receive notifications from the server, and an event receiver can initiate a notification and send it to the receiving app for handling.
43) What are some benefits of the new Geolocation field type?
Allows incorporation of location, maps, and proximity search features into their web and mobile apps and solutions.
44) What are interactive social feeds?
Interactive social feeds are designed to encourage people to share information and to stay connected with people and content.
45) What are some common programming tasks when working with social feeds?
Get the user for the current context, get the feed for the current user, get the personal feed for a particular user.
46) What are feed types?
Feed types represent slices of feed data.
47) What are some examples of feed types?
Personal, News, Timeline, Likes, and Everyone.
48) What method do the server, client, and JavaScript object models use to retrieve feed types?
The GetFeed method.
49) What API’s can be used to programmatically follow people?
Client object models, mobile client object model, JavaScript object model, representational State Transfer (REST) service, and server object model.
50) What is the SocialFollowingManager object?
Consolidates the core Following People and Following Content functionality for the current user.
51) What is the PeopleManager object?
Provides some functionality that SocialFollowingManager does not provide, not really worth grilling about.
52) What is an external content enrichment web service?
Enables users to modify the managed properties of crawled items before they are indexed.
53) At a high level, how does the web service client work?
The web service client works with managed properties that you can configure as input properties or as output properties.
54) What is a trigger condition in terms of a web service callout?
A trigger condition is an expression that is used to configure the web service callout.
55) How does one use the Search .NET Framework managed CSOM?
Get a ClientContext instance then use the Microsoft.SharePoint.Client.Search.Query namespace
56) Do custom search solutions support SQL syntax?
57) What are Query properties?
Provide information about a search query.
58) What is the the ONEAR operator?
Provides ordered near functionality.
59) What is a display template in terms of SharePoint search?
Display templates define the visual layout and behavior of a result type by using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.
60) What are result types in terms of SharePoint search?
Result types define how to display a set of search results.
61) How does one use the connector framework in terms of SharePoint search?
Enables you to retrieve claims information for content stored in custom external data sources that are crawled.
62) What is Keyword Query Language (KQL)?
Allows you to you specify the search terms or property restrictions that are passed directly to the search service.
63) What is FAST Query Language (FQL)?
FQL is a structured query language that supports advanced query operators.
64) What is the workflow execution host in the new workflow infrastructure in SharePoint 2013?
 Windows Azure.
65) Are workflows are no longer compiled into managed assemblies?
No they are fully declarative. 
66) What is meant by a fully declarative workflow?
 The workflow is described (literally) in XAML and then executed interpretively at run time.
67) What is the Design Manager?
The Design Manager enables a step-by-step approach for creating design assets that you can use to brand sites.
68) What is the Snippet Gallery?
Allows a user to select a component, configure its properties and update the snippet, copy the HTML snippet that’s generated, and paste that HTML snippet into your HTML file.
69) What are Device channels?
Device channels define channels for one or more devices allowing finely-tuned control over how mobile users experience your site.
70) What is managed navigation?
 Managed navigation is the taxonomy-based alternative to the traditional SharePoint navigation feature.
71) What are Catalogs?
Allow you to incorporate lists into your publishing sites.
72) At a high level, what is cross-site publishing?
Enables you to reuse content across multiple site collections.
73) What is the Machine Translation Service?
The Machine Translation Service is a new service application in SharePoint 2013 that provides automatic machine translation of files and sites.
74) What is PowerPoint Automation Services?
Allows conversion from the PowerPoint binary file format (.ppt) and the PowerPoint Open XML file format (.pptx) to other formats.
75) What are the supported source presentation formats?
Open XML File Format presentation format (.pptx) and PowerPoint 97–2003 presentation (.ppt).